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The 15 most common causes of household allergies


Allergies - this is what causes the human body to produce an immune response that actually harms him. When the body is in contact with a substance to which a person is allergic, he perceives this substance as an immediate threat and begins to react. We give examples of the most common allergies.

1. Peanuts

Allergen: Peanuts.

Peanut allergy is different from allergies to other nuts, because peanuts are not really nuts, but are representatives of the legume family. Now this type of allergy is rapidly spreading in the US and the UK, but researchers have no idea why this is happening.

2. Soy

Allergen: soy.

Allergies to soybeans are less common and usually affect children. However, it is rather difficult to cure, because soy is found in almost all processed foods.

3 eggs

Allergen: eggs.

Egg allergy is mainly found in children and, as a rule, they "outgrow" it, but not always. Proteins that cause allergic reactions are in fact only present in egg white. It is important to know that egg whites are used in many common vaccines.

4. Penicillin

Allergen: Penicillin.

Penicillin - a group of antibiotics, which first began to be applied everywhere. Discovered by Alexander Flemming in 1928, penicillin was introduced into widespread use in 1942. Reactions to it range from a mild rash to anaphylaxis.

5. Apples

Allergen: apples.

Allergic reaction to apples is actually one of the most common culprits of oral allergic syndrome (OSA). If, after eating apples, there is a tingling, itching, or swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat, then it is this type of OSA.

Allergen: spices.

The most common allergy-causing spices are cinnamon and garlic. But other spices, including onions, mustard and even vanilla, can cause a reaction from headache to anaphylaxis. Spices do not tolerate about 2% of all known allergies.

7. Meat

Allergen: meat.

Allergies to meat can appear on beef, pork, venison or poultry, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism. It is important to know that the symptoms may not appear immediately, but in a few hours. In recent years, meat allergy has been on the rise in the southern United States, appearing as a side effect on the lone star tick bites.

8. Grass pollen

Allergen: grass pollen.

Blades of grass actually have microscopic burrs that cause an allergic reaction when they come into direct contact with human skin. This, combined with grass pollen when mowing it, makes summer a terrible at times for allergy sufferers.

9. Citrus fruits

Allergen: Citrus.

Citrus allergies are caused by a profile - a protein found in citrus. In some people, the body recognizes profilin not as food, but as a harmful substance, causing an immune response.

10. Salicylates

Allergen: salicylates.

Salicylates are plant-based chemicals that are the basis for many drugs, such as aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, they are found in some fruits and vegetables, as well as used as additives in processed foods and some cosmetic products. Reactions to salicylates range from mild nasal congestion and rash to asthma or anaphylaxis.

11. Shellfish

Allergen: clams.

Shellfish allergy is one of the most common in children and adults, and it is different from fish allergy. It occurs when lobsters, crabs, shrimps, scallops, oysters and mollusks are consumed.

12. Insect bites

Allergen: insects.

Insect bites are unpleasant, regardless of whether the person is allergic to them, since they bring a small amount of poison into the body, which in any case causes a negative reaction. However, allergies can cause acne or ulcers, fever and swelling at the site of the insect bite, and more severe cases will lead to hives, breathing problems, rapid pulse, and sometimes anaphylaxis.

13. Milk

Allergen: milk.

According to some estimates, about 3% of young children are allergic to milk. Reactions range from indigestion and bloody stools to complete anaphylaxis.

14. Animals

Allergen: animals.

Animal allergy is actually an allergic reaction to proteins in the saliva and sebaceous glands of animals, and sometimes these allergies can develop over several years. Depending on the severity of allergies, some people can safely keep cats or dogs at home if you regularly clean the room and clean the animals. Others, unfortunately, simply cannot even be in a room with an animal that they are allergic to.

15. Dust mites

Allergen: dust mites.

Dust mites are microscopic mites, which are the main cause of dust allergy. They feed on such things as dead skin particles that a person loses every day in the amount of 1.5 g (these particles can make up to 80% of dust in some houses). Since these mites are very small (0.1 - 0.5 mm), a person can inhale them or they can get into their eyes. The reaction to them will be the same as pollen.